mourning cloak butterfly caterpillar food

Mourning Cloak ( Nymphalis Antiopa) Butterfly Facts, Life Cycle And Pictures

Mourning Cloak ( Nymphalis Antiopa)

The Mourning Clock butterfly generally belongs to the  Eurasia and North America. The scientific name of this butterfly is Nymphalis antiopa. Here in this article, you will see the Mourning Cloak Butterfly Facts, Life Cycle, And Pictures. They are also known as the Camberwell beauty in Britain and Mourning Clock North America.

This butterfly species are known as a spiny elm caterpillar. The other old name of this butterfly species is a grand surprise and white petticoat. The Nymphalis Antiopa also the state insect of the U.S and state of Montana.

Mourning Cloak Butterfly Facts

Mourning Cloak Butterfly Information


Mourning Clock Facts Specification
Scientific name Nymphalis antiopa
Other names Mourning cloak, Camberwell beauty
Family Nymphalidae
Subfamily Nymphalinae
Wingspan 2 1/4 – 4 inches (5.7 – 10.1 cm)
Distribution North America, South America, northern Eurasia, and Mexico
Habitat Hardwood forests, parks, host plants, suburbs, and riparian areas
Food Leaves of tree and shrubs, rotting fruit,  flower nectar, sap and decaying matter.
Host plant Willow, American elm, hackberry, hawthorn, wild rose, Betula species (Betula verrucosa, Betula Chinensis), Alnus incana and popular.
Lifespan 11 to 12 months

Mourning Cloak Butterfly Life Cycle

mourning cloak butterfly migration

  • Eggs

The female butterfly lays pale yellow color eggs. The eggs are generally 0.7 by 0.9 mm in size. After some days the eggs are the pale olive green color with yellow bordering then eggs are red and finally black.

  • Larvae 

The caterpillar of this butterfly has a black body with red dots on the back. They also have dark red legs and grow up to two inches in length.

  • Pupae

The mourning cloak butterfly has a  tan or brown-gray cover with two rows of sharp spikes.  The average length of this pupae is 0.8 inches (2.0 cm) this length can reach over 1.1 inches (2.8 cm).

  • Adult

The adult mourning cloak butterfly has dark maroon color upper side wings with pale-yellow edges.  They also have bright blue color spots in between maroon and the yellow edge.

The has gray color wings on the back side with same yellow edges. They have a  four inches wingspan.


Mourning Cloak Butterfly Pictures

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